- A solid homogeneous crystalline chemical element or compound that resuMadhyalts from the inorganic processes of nature.Naturally occurring homogeneous substances (Stone,Coal,Salt,Sulfur,Sand,Petroleum,Water and Natural Gas) Obtained usually from the ground.
- A synthetic substance having the chemical composition and crystalline form and properties of a naturally occurring mineral.
Types of minerals
Metallic:- The substance out of which a person or thing is made eg gold, copper, silver etc.
Non-metallic:-A chemical element as boron carbon or nitrogen that lacks the characteristics of metal eg petroleum,coal,sulphur etc.
Radioactive:-Having or producing a powerful and dangerous form of energy eg uranium and thorium are radioactive.
Mineral resources of India
. Bauxite Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh. Odisha & Gujarat
.Coal Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Jharkhand & Madhya Pradesh
.Copper Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand & Karnataka
. Diamond Panna (Madhya Pradesh) Banda (Uttar Pradesh)
.Gold Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh
.Iron Odisha, Karnataka, Goa & Chhattisgarh
.Mica Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand & Bihar
. Petroleum Mumbai High, Gujarat, Assam, Bassein (South of Mumbai High)
.Silver,Zinc & lead Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka (Kolar mines)
. Thorium Kerala coast, Rocks of Aravalli in Rajasthan
. Uranium Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka