India context of asia
India is one of the oldest country in Asia as well as in the continent of asia.it has a cultural heritage heritage handed down by the immigrant Aryans from across the Himalayas, the native dravidians and the invading civilization. It was named as Aryavatra after the Aryan setting in northern India. Later it was called Bharatvassh named after the Bharat branch of the Aryans. The Aryan first settled in the Indus valley and latter shifted to the Ganga valley eastward. The invading Persia called the Sindhu river as Hindu river and the country as Hindustan. The Greeks called the Sindhu as the Indus and the country as India.
Area: Asia is the largest continent of the world with a total area of about 44 million sq km I.e 29.75% of earth. India 3.2 million sq km. India stand third in term of area in the continent of the Asia first Russia and second China. India is Four time larger than Pakistan and Ten thousand time bigger than the Maldives island. Maldives island which is the smallest country is the Asia.
Location: Lying wholy in the northern and eastern hemisphere. The main land of India stretched from 8°4′ north to 37°17 north latitude and from 68°7′ east to 97°24′ east logitude. The southern most point, know as the Indra point in the great Nicobar island.
Relief: India occupies most of the southern part of the highest mountain Chain Himalayas while China as our close neighbour rule over most of the northern side of its. The plains in the other parts of Asia are not so fertile, largest and cover with perennial rivers like Ganga, Brahmputra, Yamuna etc. India is only country in Asia whose plateau is wet moderately. Those of Russia, China, and Saudi Arabia are almost dry and not hospitable to human population while that of India is full of teeming millions.
Climate: Asia to get heavy rainfall but the whole of the West Asia and northern Asia suffer from great shortage of rainfall, India mainly lies in tropical area and receive the rainfall from south West monsoon.
Vegetation: The vegetation ranges from the xerophytes, in Rajasthan, and equitorial type along the western Ghat and Shillong plateas. India has modified mediterranean type of vegetation, fruit oak, oliver, confers pine are the main trees. The decidious type of vegation is found in the central India. The alpine vegetation is found is the Himalayas.
Agriculture: Indian agriculture depends upon the monsoon which brings 80% of annual rainfall between June and September, India agriculture is called the Gamble of monsoon. The green revolution has transformed the Indian agriculture through the use of HYV, irrigation, fertilizers and India is now self sufficient in food grain with surplus. The production has doubled from 1970-71 to 1986-87 which is really remarkable.
Wheat: India Stands third in Asia in wheat production after China and Russia.
Rice: India stand 2nd in the production of rice in the Asia, while China stand 1st rice production.
Maize: Maize is mainly a rain-fed Kharif crop and India stand 2nd and production after China.